【作者基本信息】 中央民族大学 ， 中国少数民族经济学， 2013， 硕士
【Abstract】 Poverty refers to the lack of social materials and it is a comprehensive reflection of material life and spiritual life. Due to the different criteria for the classification of poverty, both developed countries and developing countries are faced with the poverty problem. Poverty results from various factors such as environment, concept, disaster and economic development and so on. It is a social issue of global concern and has been the focus of world attention. Nowadays, eliminating poverty is one of the most important tasks in China.Although China has achieved great progresses with long-time efforts, poverty problems, especially in remote western region, remain sever and has hampered the construction of harmonious society. Poverty and anti-poverty has become an important issue in domestic and foreign studies. Based on the theories in development economics and institutional economics, the present paper focuses on the problems of poverty and anti-poverty in Linxi County in Inner Mongolia from the perspective of ethnosociology. Through investigation and analysis, it is found that Linxi poverty is not only income poverty but a synthesis of various aspects of poverty.Linxi County is one of dozens of poor counties in China. In the research process, the author found out the causes for poverty from comprehensive aspects and attempted to explore the achievements and problems of development-oriented poverty alleviation under the constraints of resources and environment which had been carried out in the similar regions so as to find out the institutional reasons leading to the low efficiency of the method. It is most important for Linxi County to formulate relevant systems and regulations accordingly and realize the adaption of soft and hard environment. Finally the author proposed innovative ways to Linxi anti-poverty, which is constructing new anti-poverty mode dominated by the anti-cultural poverty with the supplement of anti-economic poverty.